Development/Construction Setback


Development/Construction Setback

To facilitate assessment of coastal projects, this Study outlined related planning guidelines that have been prepared by the respective agencies, namely DID and the Department of Town and Country Planning (JPBD). These guidelines generally contain land use controls and/or setback requirements based on type of coasts with the objectives of providing public amenity, to reduce economic loss of properties and in the preservation of the natural eco-system as well as to provide cost-efficient management of coastal risks. Having reviewed the guidelines, it is suggested that, firstly, there is a need for the guidelines to be consistent between the respective agencies. The parameters proposed in the guidelines should account for the social, economic, physical and environmental aspects of the coastal area. Secondly, the application of the planning guidelines for coastal projects should be assessed on a site-by-site basis by the respective approving authorities based on the local site context. The assessment will need to be addressed through site design and layout as well as building design and structures primarily in the coastal hazard zone. Development options could include in-situ development via fill to above sea level rise and flood level, retreat development away from high risk areas, canal development via dig and fill or development on stilts.

Amendments are proposed to improve the current DID guidelines related to setback as described in Item 3.2.1 in Garis Panduan JPS 1/97. These are shown in Table 4.

Table 4: Proposed amendments related to setback in Garis Panduan JPS 1/97